Translating from Old Dutch, Copenhagen means “a trade port.” It began as a small harbor village in the 11th century and developed into the capital of Denmark in the 15th century. With the onslaught of the bubonic plague and the devastating fires that swept through the city in the early 18th century Copenhagen's fate was challenged.
They began rebuilding shortly after, and the medieval area of the city was completely changed, though still beaming with the exuberant picturesque impressions that it is known for. Further trials ensued in this stunning city around the turn of the 19th century with the battle of Copenhagen and the country's bankruptcy in 1813.
Throughout the rest of the 19th century the first Danish steamship was constructed, a technical university was founded, the first central train station was erected, the world-famous Carlsberg brewery was established, and the last beheading (execution) was performed. It marked a new future for Copenhagen.
The city’s developments of the 19th and 20th centuries have created a one-of-a-kind beauty of Scandinavia. Located over two islands, this stronghold is a vital economic link between the East and the West. Its ancient fortifications still stand, offering unique attractions in this old harbor town. With its excellent “frictionless” public transport infrastructure, numerous bike paths, countless top-notch restaurants, both modern and historical architecture and a focus on environmental issues makes it one of the most fulfilling and spectacular cities in the world.
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