Irkutsk, Russia - Firebird City Guides

You are here

Irkutsk, Russia
The cold icy Irkutsk is renown for being the city from which Russia's great explorers traditionally set off for their expeditions. It was founded in the mid-17th century as the winter quarters for traders and tax collectors.

Located about 70 kilometers from Lake Baikal not far from China and Mongolia, Irkutsk Russia of today is among the region's largest towns with a population of more than 500,000 people.

In the early 19th century many participants in the Decembrist revolution against Tsar Nicholas I were sent into exile to Siberia. Among them were many officers, nobles and artists who turned Irkutsk into a thriving cultural and educational center, the hive of Russia's intellectual and social life.

Many universities, wooden houses with hand-carved decorations still stand today side by side with the city's multiple historic churches and museums. Among the city's main highlights are the Volkonsky House and the Trubetskoy House - two buildings where the largest salons and social gatherings of the era were held.

Irkutsk tragically burnt down almost completely in 1879, but it was rebuilt right away. The city developed so quickly and greatly that already by the year 1900 it was referred to "The Paris of Siberia." Irkutsk's other landmarks include the House of Europe, Sukachev Art Museum, icebreaker Angara and Museum of Geology.

See it on following tours

Private tour  |  Nearest Date:

13 days

3 cities

1 country

Moscow | Irkutsk | Saint Petersburg

Discover the most sought-after gems of Russia and enjoy the best of Moscow, Irkutsk, St. Petersburg and the outstanding Pearl of Siberia - Lake Baikal.

Small group tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 12, 2019

17 days

5 cities

2 countries

Moscow | Kazan | Ekaterinburg | Irkutsk | Ulan Bator

Set off on an unforgettable journey in comfort of a private train car along Trans-Mongolian railway line. Cross 1/3 of the world on the legendary Trans-Mongolian railway in just 17 days: from mighty Moscow to glorious Kazan and Ekaterinburg. Absorb the beauty of Lake Baikal and explore the Buddhist and nomadic traditions of Mongolia.

Small group rail tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 12, 2019

19 days

7 cities

1 country

Moscow | Kazan | Ekaterinburg | Irkutsk | Ulan-Ude | Khabarovsk | Vladivostok

Have an adventure of a lifetime on a tailor-made Trans-Siberian journey. Explore the top sights of Russia from one end to the other in a small group of 8 to 18 travelers. 1st-class accommodation on a private train car and at top-notch hotels, Russian visa-processing, tour leader services, as well as all the must-sees included.

Small group rail tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 04, 2019

16 days

8 cities

3 countries

Moscow | Kazan | Ekaterinburg | Novosibirsk | Irkutsk | Ulan-Ude | Ulan Bator | Beijing

The Tsar's Gold Trans-Siberian rail-tour focuses on your experience and comfort, providing every opportunity for enjoying your journey of a lifetime. Explore Russian towns to get an insight of real Russia, experience genuine Mongolia and finally discover the best of Chinese heritage in and around Beijing.

Private rail tour  |  Nearest Date:

20 days

9 cities

1 country

Moscow | Nizhny Novgorod | Perm | Ekaterinburg | Novosibirsk | Irkutsk | Ulan-Ude | Khabarovsk | Vladivostok

A perfect match for active travelers seeking to explore all Russia. Apart from visiting the mighty capital - Moscow, you get to see multi-sided and diverse Russia far and wide during your adventure. Cross Siberia, discover genuine Russian towns and reach Vladivostok!

E.g., Sep 25 2018