For the Jews, Jerusalem is the “city of David,” as well as the central place of the Jews return to the Holy Land from the exile, the place of unification and revival of the nation. Christians know Jerusalem as the place where Christ spent his last days before he was crucified and resurrected. Muslims, in their turn, call Jerusalem Al-Quds and consider it the third holiest city after Medina and Mecca, as well as the place where, according to Islamic tradition, the prophet Muhammad made a miraculous journey from Mecca to Jerusalem and ascended to the seventh heaven to Allah, where divine wonders and signs were revealed to him.
Since its establishment, Jerusalem has been a part of many different states, which has distinguished its uniqueness and identity. The heart of Jerusalem is the Old City, historically divided into 4 quarters: Jewish, Armenian, Christian and Muslim.
Perhaps, the most important place for each of the three religions is the Temple Mount. This hill, located in the Old City, houses such Muslim mosques as the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa. Moreover, according to Jewish tradition, it was the Temple Mount where Solomon built the famous Temple. The only part of the Temple survived is the Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall.
However, not only the Old City keeps remarkable and impressive landmarks. For instance, the slope of the Givat Ram hill boasts the majestic building of the Knesset (Israeli Parliament) as well as some English buildings, including the Government building, the Church of St. Andrew of Scotland, the building of the Central Post Office and the State Printing House.
Jerusalem houses an impressive number of museums. The most interesting ones include:
- Rockefeller Archaeological Museum
- Bible Lands Museum
- L. A. Museum of Islamic Art
- Natural History Museum