Dating back to the times of Moroccan Berber empires, the city encompasses exquisite historic treasures, easily recognized by 12-century orange-red walls. It was founded in 1062 by Abu Bakr ibn Umar and boasts numerous mosques and madrasas (Koranic schools) of that time period.
Marrakesh grew to be a large city and an important cultural, religious, and trading center in sub-Saharan Africa. Today it is a thriving tourist destination that has a lot to offer. The main highlights of the city include the ancient city walls with typical Moroccan towers and gates.
Another sight is the breathtaking El Badi Palace palace built in 1578. The Royal Palace originally built in the 12th century and the 19th century Bahia Palace are great examples of riads (Moroccan mansions) that have similar styles as Roman villas.
The Djemaa el-Fnaa square which is the center of city activity and trade shouldn’t be missed as well. Numerous functioning souks or traditional Berber markets that are scattered about the medina decorate the city with bright colors and offer a large variety of exclusive Moroccan goods and crafts.
Ancient Menara gardens located to the west of the city as well as the beautiful Majorelle Gardens which belonged to Yves Saint Laurent are also popular places in Marrakesh. Marrakesh posses many medieval mosques. As such the red stone and brick Koutoubia Mosque completed around 1190 can't be missed. The Ben Youssef Mosque is another local marvel that was originally erected in the 12th century.
Time providing, stop by the 16th century mausoleum for Saadian rulers and sultans - the Saadian Tombs.