Peter and Paul Fortress, Russia - Firebird City Guides

You are here

Peter and Paul Fortress, Russia

The mighty Peter and Paul Fortress has been the symbol of the strength of Saint Petersburg for many centuries. Today it is the home to the State Museum of Saint Petersburg History.

The original fort was established in 1703 by Peter the Great during the Northern War with Sweden to protect the fledgling St. Petersburg. At that time its bastions were mostly made of earth and logs. The Peter and Paul Fortress still stands today on the small Hare Island near the northern bank of the Neva River and never fulfilled its initial purpose.

The citadel was rebuilt from stone in 1706 at Peter's command and it took almost 35 years complete it. Architect Domenico Trezzini and engineer Burchard Christophe von Minnich worked on the fortress and constructed the St. Peter Gate in 1718. The St. Peter and Paul Cathedral was finished by 1733. Situated inside the citadel, it was built for almost two decades and became the Romanovs family crypt. The bell-tower functioned as the city’s watchtower, stretching high in the sky. It is considered St. Petersburg's signature building today.

Many buildings appeared after the fort's thick walls were erected, including the Commandant’s House, the Engineer’s House and the famous Mint. A cemetery was established east of the cathedral, designed as the burial location for the most important figures of Russia's army.

Yet the most well-known part of the Peter and Paul fortress is undoubtedly the Trubetskoy Bastion - the infamous prison of Imperial Russia, where many renown people like author Fyodor Dostoevsky were convicted.

What is more, according to the centuries-old tradition, every day at noon a cannon is fired from the Naryshkin Bastion of the Peter and Paul Fortress, reminding all people in Saint Petersburg the time.

See it on following tours

Small group tour | Value, Specials

Moscow, Russia
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Small group tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 10, 2019

8 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Enjoy the best of Russian capitals, with city tours of the Moscow and St. Petersburg must-sees with local pros, accommodation at select 4-star properties, airport transfers, and easy connections.

Small group tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 10, 2019

9 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Enjoy the classic 4+ star program, seeing the major highlights of two gorgeous Russian capitals and taking advantage of the best guides, downtown hotels and good value for money.

Private tour | Top Picks, Classic

Treasures of Two Capitals
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

9 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Going to Russia is always an unforgettable experience to remember for years and years! Enjoy top sights of Moscow & St. Petersburg: from the beauty of the Red Square and the Kremlin to Peterhof Parks and Catherine's Palace, with our tailor-made private tour.

Small group tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 08, 2019

11 days

3 cities

1 country

Moscow | Suzdal | Saint Petersburg

Set off on an unforgettable small group tour and see the best of extraordinary Russia. Stay in the centrally located hotels, enjoy guided sightseeing tours, see the highlights of Moscow, St Petersburg, the Golden Ring, and immerse yourself in the local culture.

Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

7 days

1 city

1 country

Saint Petersburg

Meet Saint Petersburg, Russia's most beautiful city. Our private St. Petersburg tour shows you the very best of what the city has to offer with professional guides. Complimentary Russian visas and accommodation in best central 4-star hotels included.

Private tour | Value, Top Picks

Moscow
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

8 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Spend an unforgettable Russia vacation, visiting the most essential sights, staying in remarkable hotels and enjoying outstanding service with the perfect value for money!

Private tour | Platinum

Platinum Venice of the North
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

7 days

1 city

1 country

Saint Petersburg

Embark on an incredible journey to Russia's northen capital - Saint Petersburg and see the best of the city with your fully customizable seven day tour. Explore the most beautiful Russian city and visit famous sights like the Hermitage Museum.

Small group tour | Gold, Top Picks

Two Russian Capitals
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
Small group tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 10, 2019

9 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Embark on a journey-of-a-lifetime with our very popular small group tour to Moscow and St. Petersburg. Prepare to witness and fall in love with the great culture, art and history of the country, visible on every corner of the magnificent cities.

Private tour | Gold, Top Picks

Private Tour of Moscow & St. Petersburg (5-star)
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

9 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Our private tour to Moscow and St. Petersburg is a dream come true: accommodation in select 5-star properties, sightseeing tours with professional local guides, private drivers, included visa processing, and all the must-sees in one trip.

Private tour | Classic

Wonders of Russia
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

13 days

3 cities

1 country

Moscow | Irkutsk | Saint Petersburg

Discover the most sought-after gems of Russia and enjoy the best of Moscow, Irkutsk, St. Petersburg and the outstanding Pearl of Siberia - Lake Baikal.

Private tour | Platinum

Platinum Russia
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

11 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Prepare to savor your time during 5-star stays next to Kremlin and Nevsky. We have planned a perfect combination of expert touring and activities, so you can experience the best of Russia with local pro guides.

Private tour | Heritage

UNESCO Tour
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

13 days

5 cities

1 country

Moscow | Suzdal | Yaroslavl | Kazan | Saint Petersburg

Catch authentic Russian spirit, setting off on a UNESCO tour and enjoying extensive sightseeing around the two gorgeous Russian capitals as well as exploring some hidden gems of such historic locations as Kazan, Veliky Novgorod and Vladimir.

Private tour | Classic

Definitive Treasures of Two Capitals
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

11 days

2 cities

1 country

Moscow | Saint Petersburg

Cross Russia off your bucket list of "must" journeys of a lifetime with the ultimate private itinerary, built around your preferences. Enjoy all the unmissable sights with local pros, stay at best 5-star central hotels, private transfers, free visas, and plenty of free time to explore on your own.

Private tour | Classic, Heritage

Definitive Russia
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

16 days

5 cities

1 country

Moscow | Suzdal | Saint Petersburg | Petrozavodsk | Kizhi Island

Get an in-depth exploration of Russia during the fully-customizable private tour with included Russian visas and best hotels that covers it all: ancient towns called "Russian Vatican", the gorgeous region of Karelia, Kizhi Island and traditional villages, as well as the unmissable sights of both capitals, Moscow and St. Petersburg.

5-star cruise | Gold

Volga Dream Gold Moscow - St. Petersburg
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
5-star cruise  |  Nearest Date:
May 31, 2019

13 days

5 cities

1 country

Moscow | Uglich | Yaroslavl | Kizhi Island | Saint Petersburg

Have the time of your life while discovering the best of Russia aboard the boutique MS Volga Dream. This premium river cruise has it all: best tours of Russia's major landmarks, uniques experiences, impeccable service.

5-star cruise | Platinum

Volga Dream Platinum Moscow - St. Petersburg
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
5-star cruise  |  Nearest Date:
May 31, 2019

13 days

5 cities

1 country

Moscow | Uglich | Yaroslavl | Kizhi Island | Saint Petersburg

Set off on an amazing journey on Volga River aboard the 5-star MS Volga Dream ship. Discover the authentic Russian culture by visiting quaint villages while traveling from Moscow to St. Petersburg and enjoying the impeccable service.

Private tour | Classic

Three Baltic Capitals + St. Petersburg
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

10 days

4 cities

4 countries

Vilnius | Riga | Tallinn | Saint Petersburg

Set forth on a journey of discovery around the splendid Baltic capitals: Vilnius, Riga and Tallinn and then make your way to the sparkling Northern capital of Russia - St. Petersburg. Learn a lot about the history and culture of the countries from excellent guide tours in nine locations. 

Private rail tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

23 days

7 cities

3 countries

Saint Petersburg | Moscow | Kazan | Ekaterinburg | Irkutsk | Ulan Bator | Beijing

Start your exploration from royal St. Petersburg, continue to mighty Moscow, cross over Ural Mountains, visit Irkutsk, absorb the beauty of Lake Baikal. Next - Mongolia's Ulan Bator before crossing the Gobi Desert and arriving in the capital of oriental magic, Beijing.

Private tour | Classic, Top Picks

Discover Scandinavia and Russian Capitals with this small group tour
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingFull
  • ratingHalf
Private tour  |  Nearest Date:
Flexible

16 days

8 cities

5 countries

Copenhagen | Oslo | Flam | Bergen | Stockholm | Helsinki | Saint Petersburg | Moscow

There is hardly any other journey in the world that can match to a level of cultural diversity and impressions! Explore Natural wonders of Norway and Scandinavia and finish your journey in the heart of Russia.
E.g., Jan 16 2019