Located in the picturesque Tuscany region in central Italy, Pisa has a lot to offer its visitors. The city boasts incredible medieval architecture, palaces, and churches with the splendid UNESCO-declared Piazza dei Miracoli (Square of Miracles) being its prior adornment. The walled Piazza del Duomo complex was built around 1090 and is made up by the Pisa Cathedral, the Pisa Baptistry, the Campanile (leaning bell tower), and the Camposanto Monumentale (Monumental Cemetery).
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is probably the most recognized symbol of Italy. It is the cathedral's freestanding bell tower which has gained fame by its unique tilt. The white-marble building was constructed throughout 200 years and finally completed in 1372. The building was imperfect from the very beginning, the tilt being the result of an architectural mistake. The Leaning Tower nevertheless is considered the tallest building of its time and a miracle of medieval architecture, the architect's name still a mystery. Different architects supported and strengthened the tower throughout history to prevent it from falling.
The city is also renowned for housing the elite University of Pisa, one of the oldest in Italy, numerous Romanesque buildings, Gothic churches and splendid Renaissance piazzas.