Situated in the very heart of town between the historic quarter of merchants called “Kitai-gorod” and Kremlin's citadel, the Red Square is the zero meridian of Moscow's main streets. It is also made up by a number of outstanding landmarks.
The square has a profound history and was the stage for political, social and historical changes and development of Russia for the past 500 years. It was a site where Ivan the Terrible executed prisoners in the 16th century. The cruel Tsar later began the construction of St. Basil's Cathedral in 1552 as a repent of his bad deeds. Today it is the most emblematic architectural masterpiece symbolizing Russia. The colorful red-bricked beauty of St. Basil's Cathedral is the Red Square's main decoration.
Apart from the cathedral in honor of Saint Vasily the Blessed, the Red Square houses Lenin's Mausoleum, which has been constructed in 1924 as a monument to the era of Communism. The famous department store GUM and the old mint are also located on the square.
The Red Square is listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a place where national celebrations and parades are held and is the #1 must visit in Moscow.