Also known as the “Walled City of Chang’an”, Xian was the capital of the Xi Han dynasty and one of the greatest cities of the ancient world. As the capital of a vast empire Xian soon became an important and thriving center of Central Asian trade which preserved its prestige even after the downfall of the Tang Empire.
The city possesses much cultural and architectural legacy such as the world-famous Terracotta Warriors - the awe-inspiring funerary pottery figurines of the famous Qin Shi Emperor. Another site worth visiting is the Big Wild Goose Pagoda a well-known Buddhist pagoda built in China in 589 A.D. with layers of bricks without any cement. The famous 60 meter tower originally had 5 storeys and was of great importance for the mighty Tang dynasty. It is also known as the place where sutras and figurines of Buddha brought to China from India by the Buddhist translator and traveler Xuanzang were held.
Among the main landmarks is the Great Mosque - one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China. It is an important Islamic place of worship in China, covering an area of 6,000 m2. This Great Mosque was built in 742 A.D., and can be divided into four courtyards. Unlike most mosques in the Middle East or in Arab countries, the Great Mosque is a combination of traditional Chinese architecture and Islamic art.
You can also stop at the Hui Minority Market, also known as the “Muslim Quarter”, consisting of a number of historical streets. This central area is popular with locals and visitors both for having evening meals and for leisurely strolls in the surroundings of an ancient city and its narrow alleys.