Located on the Vistula River, Warsaw has been the capital of Poland since 1596. It is the largest city in the country and the nation's urban and commercial center. Warsaw was completely destroyed by the Nazis during World War II, but was rebuilt by its courageous citizens from scratch. As of now, almost all Warsaw’s buildings date back to the postwar era.
The charming Old Town is the gem of Warsaw and is probably one of the newest ‘old towns’ in Europe which was restored from a pile of rubble after World War II. Stroll down the cozy cobbled streets to the Market Square, with its renaissance buildings, discover the many hidden courtyards and squares, gardens and statues. See the outstanding Royal Castle and wave hello to the legendary Polish leader King Zygmund III standing on top of the column in the middle of Castle Square.
Here are some of the recommended sights you don’t want to miss:
- Warsaw Rising Museum (dedicated to the Uprising of Poland in 1944)
- The Royal Palace at Wilanow (royal suburban residence, one of the few buildings to survive WWII)
- Chopin Museum (in honor of Warsaw’s most famous son)
- The Palace of Culture and Science (tallest building in Poland, conceived as a "gift from the Soviet people to the Polish nation")
- Jewish Warsaw (a monumental Jewish neighborhood never rebuilt after the war)