Ulan Bator, Mongolia - Firebird City Guides

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Ulan Bator, Mongolia
Ulan Bator - capital and largest city of Mongolia - is an enormous cosmopolitan of pulsating commerce, wild traffic, bustling nightlife and bohemian counterculture. It is the cultural, industrial, and financial heart of the country and home to over 1.3 million people.

The city was founded in 1639 as nomadic Buddhist monastic center and permanently situated in its present location in 1778. After the establishment of the Mongolian People's Republic in 1924, it got its current name - Ulan Bator, literally meaning “Red Hero”. Today the capital of Mongolia is undergoing an industrial revolution and is rapidly growing.

Among the main highlights of this unique town are firstly the symbolic totem of independence - the famous Sukhbaatar Square named after a revolution hero. Damdin Sükhbaatar declared Mongolia’s final independence from the Chinese and today a statue of him atop a horse stands in the middle of the centrally located square. The city's main buildings are located near the square, such as the Natural History Museum displaying the abundant complex of the Mongolia's natural heritage and historical legacy. The museum shows the culture and economic development of the country from the Stone Age to the 1990 democratic revolution.

Another must-visit in Ulan Bator is the outstanding Gandan Monastery. Literally translated as ‘the great place of complete joy’ the temple represents the Buddhist cultural heritage of Mongolia. The monastery was built in 1809 on the order of Qing dynasty Emperor Jiajing and today serves as a Buddhist college. Gandan's major highlight is the biggest Bronze Buddha in the world. The 28 meters high statue is covered in gold and decorated with numerous sparkling jewels. Because of its unique appearance and historical value the bronze Buddha is considered one of the most precious national treasures of Mongolia.

See it on following tours

Small group tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 12, 2019

17 days

5 cities

2 countries

Moscow | Kazan | Ekaterinburg | Irkutsk | Ulan Bator

Set off on an unforgettable journey in comfort of a private train car along Trans-Mongolian railway line. Cross 1/3 of the world on the legendary Trans-Mongolian railway in just 17 days: from mighty Moscow to glorious Kazan and Ekaterinburg. Absorb the beauty of Lake Baikal and explore the Buddhist and nomadic traditions of Mongolia.

Small group rail tour  |  Nearest Date:
May 04, 2019

16 days

8 cities

3 countries

Moscow | Kazan | Ekaterinburg | Novosibirsk | Irkutsk | Ulan-Ude | Ulan Bator | Beijing

The Tsar's Gold Trans-Siberian rail-tour focuses on your experience and comfort, providing every opportunity for enjoying your journey of a lifetime. Explore Russian towns to get an insight of real Russia, experience genuine Mongolia and finally discover the best of Chinese heritage in and around Beijing.

Private tour  |  Nearest Date:

8 days

1 city

1 country

Ulan Bator

Discover the hidden gems of Mongolia, meet local nomads and experience stunning steppes. A city tour, a mountain hike, and even a Mongolian horseback riding - experience the best of Mongolia with our upscale private tour. 
E.g., Sep 25 2018