Granada obtains a very rich history and culture. The city has been populated since about 5500 B.C. at the confluence of four rivers, and has experienced Roman and Visigothic influences. It was also the last city to be reconquered by the Catholic Monarchs in 1492, thus it's no wonder that it traces an evident Moorish atmosphere.
One of the most well-recognized symbols of Granada is indeed the Alhambra. This grand hilltop Moorish fortress complex encompasses royal palaces, placid patios and incredible pools dating back to the reign of the Nasrid dynasty. The Alhambra citadel was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. Its Nasrid royal palace is one of the most visited attractions of the complex. Enjoy its impressive archways, exquisite mosaics, breathtaking fountains and beautiful orchards of the Generalife palace gardens.
Among other sites in Granada worthy of notice are the Granada Cathedral, also called the Cathedral of the Incarnation, built in the 16th-century. The iconic 1505 Royal Chapel of Granada, built over a former terrace of the Great Mosque, which evidently displays the period of the spread of Catholicism in the region.
To get an insight of old Granada, walk down its ancient cobblestone streets in the Albaicín district with numerous examples of awe-inspiring architecture from different time periods. The Sacromonte gypsy district is unique as well, popular for its cave dwellings built within the sides of the hill, for flamenco shows and great views of the Alhambra.